Thursday, 25 July 2013

Major Physicists

Sir Issac Newton : Regarded as one of the most influential Physicist of the world. He is well known for his laws of motion and Gravitational theory. He also made significant contribution to the optics. His book Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy laid the foundation for the most of Classical Mechanics. He invented an important part of Mathematics named Calculus.

Galileo Galilei : An Italian physicists, mathematicians, astronomer and philosopher who played a major role in Scientific Revolution. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honur), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments. He is the inventor of the Two Sciences Kinematics and Strength of materials.

Hendrik Lorentz : was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.

Albert Einstein : German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"), he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory.

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